Design practice always happens under a particular set of forces, commonly known as constraints. These constraints may be straightforward and indisputable, such as a physical or material quality: the force of gravity, the tensile strength of a structural beam, or a financial budget, and provide tangible limits to be adhered to or challenged. Constraints, however, also exist in more abstract, systemic or hidden forms.
These can have a significant impact on the potential of design, resulting in a paucity of original thinking and a chronic neglect of responsibility. For example, national systems of infrastructure, such as energy grids or roads, have become so normalised that they constrain designers to simply designing for or within the dominant paradigm. The constraint of positivity or progress dogma, blinds those influencing the future (scientists, technologists, politicians, designers, etc.) from the potential negative implications of their proposals. This presentation will firstly explore some of the more dominant oblique constraints and the ways in which they negatively influence the role and purpose of design. And secondly describe how design, practiced outside of these constraints, can facilitate more inclusive, holistic, and environmentally responsible futures.
James Auger is an enseignant chercheur and directeur adjoint in the department of design at École normale supérieure Paris-Saclay. Between 2005 and 2015, he was part of the critically acclaimed Design Interactions department at the Royal College of Art (RCA), teaching on the MA programme and working on the development of critical and speculative approaches to design and technology, completing his PhD on the subject in 2012. After the RCA, James moved to Portugal to conduct research at the Madeira Interactive Technologies Institute (ITI), co-founding the Reconstrained Design Group with Julian Hanna and developing projects that explored the potential of the island as an experimental living laboratory through a combination of fictional, factual, and functional multi-scale energy-related proposals and projects. James is also a partner in the speculative design practice Auger-Loizeau, a collaboration founded in 2000. Auger-Loizeau projects have been published and exhibited internationally, including MoMA, New York; 21_21, Tokyo; The Science Museum, London; The National Museum of China, Beijing and Ars Electronica, Linz. Their work is in the permanent collection at MoMA.